ALTER COLUMN statement is part of
ALTER TABLE and sets, changes, or drops a column's Default constraint or drops the Not Null constraint.
The user must have the
CREATE privilege on the table.
||The name of the table with the column you want to modify.|
||The name of the column you want to modify.|
||The new Default Value you want to use.|
Viewing Schema Changes New in v1.1
Whenever you initiate a schema change, CockroachDB registers it as a job, which you can view with
Set or Change a Default Value
Setting the Default Value constraint inserts the value when data's written to the table without explicitly defining the value for the column. If the column already has a Default Value set, you can use this statement to change it.
The below example inserts the Boolean value
true whenever you inserted data to the
subscriptions table without defining a value for the
> ALTER TABLE subscriptions ALTER COLUMN newsletter SET DEFAULT true;
Remove Default Constraint
If the column has a defined Default Value, you can remove the constraint, which means the column will no longer insert a value by default if one is not explicitly defined for the column.
> ALTER TABLE subscriptions ALTER COLUMN newsletter DROP DEFAULT;
Remove Not Null Constraint
If the column has the Not Null constraint applied to it, you can remove the constraint, which means the column becomes optional and can have NULL values written into it.
> ALTER TABLE subscriptions ALTER COLUMN newsletter DROP NOT NULL;