RESTOREfeature is only available to our enterprise license only users. For non-enterprise restores, see Restore Data.
RESTORE statement restores your cluster's schemas and data from an enterprise license-generated backup stored on a services such as AWS S3, Google Cloud Storage, NFS, or HTTP storage.
Because CockroachDB is designed with high fault tolerance, restores are designed primarily for disaster recovery, i.e., restarting your cluster if it loses a majority of its nodes. Isolated issues (such as small-scale node outages) do not require any intervention.
You can restore entire tables (which automatically includes their indexes) or views from a backup. This process uses the data stored in the backup to create entirely new tables or views in the target database.
The notion of "restoring a database" simply restores all of the tables and views that belong to the database, but does not create the database. For more information, see Target Database.
RESTOREonly offers table-level granularity; it does not support restoring subsets of a table.
Because this process is designed for disaster recovery, CockroachDB expects that the tables do not currently exist in the target database. This means the target database must have not have tables or views with the same name as the restored table or view. If any of the restore target's names are being used, you can:
DROP VIEWand then restore them.
- Restore the table or view into a different database.
Dependent objects must be restored at the same time as the objects they depend on.
|Table with foreign key constraints||The table it
|Views||The tables used in the view's
|Interleaved tables||The parent table in the interleaved hierarchy|
By default, tables and views are restored into a database with the name of the database from which they were backed up. However, also consider:
- You can choose to change the target database.
- If it no longer exists, you must create the target database.
The target database must have not have tables or views with the same name as the tables or views you're restoring.
Users and Privileges
Table and view users/privileges are not restored. Restored tables and views instead inherit the privileges of the database into which they're restored.
However, every backup includes
system.users, so you can restore users and their passwords.
Table-level privileges must be granted to users after the restore is complete.
You can either restore from a full backup or from a full backup with incremental backups, based on the backup files you include.
|Full backup||Include only the path to the full backup.|
|Full backup +
|Include the path to the full backup as the first argument and the subsequent incremental backups from oldest to newest as the following arguments.|
RESTORE process minimizes its impact to the cluster's performance by distributing work to all nodes. Subsets of the restored data (known as ranges) are evenly distributed among randomly selected nodes, with each range initially restored to only one node. Once the range is restored, the node begins replicating it others.
root user can run
||The table or view you want to restore.|
||The URL where the full backup is stored.
For information about this URL structure, see Backup File URLs.
||The URL where an incremental backup is stored.
Lists of incremental backups must be sorted from oldest to newest. The newest incremental backup's timestamp must be within the table's garbage collection period.
For information about this URL structure, see Backup File URLs.
For more information about garbage collection, see Configure Replication Zones.
||Control your backup's behavior with these options.|
Backup File URLs
The URL for your backup's locations must use the following format:
|Google Cloud 1||
||File system location||N/A|
1 GCS connections use Google's default authentication strategy.
2 Because CockroachDB is a distributed system, you cannot meaningfully store backups "locally" on nodes. The entire backup file must be stored in a single location, so attempts to store backups locally must point to an NFS drive to be useful.
Restore Option List
You can include the following options as key-value pairs in the
kv_option_list to control the restore process's behavior.
- Description: If you want to restore a table or view into a database other than the one it originally existed in, you can change the target database. This is useful if you want to restore a table that currently exists, but do not want to drop it.
- Value: The name of the database you want to use
WITH OPTIONS ('into_db' = 'newdb')
- Description: If you want to restore a table with a foreign key but do not want to restore the table it references, you can drop the Foreign Key constraint from the table and then have it restored.
- Value: No value
WITH OPTIONS ('skip_missing_foreign_keys')
Restore a Single Table
> RESTORE bank.customers FROM 'azure://acme-co-backup/table-customer-2017-03-27-full?AZURE_ACCOUNT_KEY=hash&AZURE_ACCOUNT_NAME=acme-co';
Restore Multiple Tables
> RESTORE bank.customers, accounts FROM 'azure://acme-co-backup/tables-accounts-customers-2017-03-27-full?AZURE_ACCOUNT_KEY=hash&AZURE_ACCOUNT_NAME=acme-co';
Restore All Tables and Views from a Database
> RESTORE bank.* FROM 'azure://acme-co-backup/database-bank-2017-03-27-full?AZURE_ACCOUNT_KEY=hash&AZURE_ACCOUNT_NAME=acme-co';
Restore from Incremental Backups
> RESTORE bank.customers FROM 'azure://acme-co-backup/database-bank-2017-03-27-full?AZURE_ACCOUNT_KEY=hash&AZURE_ACCOUNT_NAME=acme-co' , 'azure://acme-co-backup/database-bank-2017-03-28-incremental?AZURE_ACCOUNT_KEY=hash&AZURE_ACCOUNT_NAME=acme-co' , 'azure://acme-co-backup/database-bank-2017-03-29-incremental?AZURE_ACCOUNT_KEY=hash&AZURE_ACCOUNT_NAME=acme-co';
Restore into a Different Database
By default, tables and views are restored to the database they originally belonged to. However, using the
into_db option, you can control the target database.
> RESTORE bank.customers FROM 'azure://acme-co-backup/table-customer-2017-03-27-full?AZURE_ACCOUNT_KEY=hash&AZURE_ACCOUNT_NAME=acme-co' WITH OPTIONS ('into_db' = 'newdb');
Remove the Foreign Key Before Restore
By default, tables with Foreign Key constraints must be restored at the same time as the tables they reference. However, using the
skip_missing_foreign_keys option you can remove the Foreign Key constraint from the table and then restore it.
> RESTORE bank.accounts FROM 'azure://acme-co-backup/table-customer-2017-03-27-full?AZURE_ACCOUNT_KEY=hash&AZURE_ACCOUNT_NAME=acme-co' WITH OPTIONS ('skip_missing_foreign_keys');
Restoring Users from
Every full backup contains the
system.users table, which you can use to restore your cluster's usernames and their hashed passwords. However, to restore them, you must restore the
system.users table into a new database because you cannot drop the existing
After it's restored into a new database, you can write the restored
users table data to the cluster's existing
> RESTORE system.users FROM 'azure://acme-co-backup/table-users-2017-03-27-full?AZURE_ACCOUNT_KEY=hash&AZURE_ACCOUNT_NAME=acme-co' WITH OPTIONS ('into_db' = 'newdb'); > INSERT INTO system.users SELECT * FROM newdb.users; > DROP TABLE newdb.users;