Tip:

This page describes the full CockroachDB SQL grammar. However, as a starting point, it's best to reference our SQL statements pages first, which provide detailed explanations and examples.

stmt_block:

stmt_list

no references


stmt_list:

stmt ;

referenced by:


stmt:

HELPTOKEN alter_stmt backup_stmt cancel_stmt copy_from_stmt create_stmt deallocate_stmt delete_stmt discard_stmt drop_stmt execute_stmt explain_stmt grant_stmt insert_stmt import_stmt pause_stmt prepare_stmt restore_stmt resume_stmt revoke_stmt savepoint_stmt select_stmt release_stmt reset_stmt set_stmt show_stmt transaction_stmt truncate_stmt update_stmt upsert_stmt

referenced by:


alter_stmt:

alter_table_stmt alter_index_stmt alter_view_stmt alter_database_stmt

referenced by:


backup_stmt:

BACKUP targets TO string_or_placeholder opt_as_of_clause opt_incremental opt_with_options

referenced by:


cancel_stmt:

cancel_job_stmt cancel_query_stmt

referenced by:


copy_from_stmt:

COPY qualified_name ( qualified_name_list ) FROM STDIN

referenced by:


create_stmt:

create_database_stmt create_index_stmt create_table_stmt create_table_as_stmt create_user_stmt create_view_stmt

referenced by:


deallocate_stmt:

DEALLOCATE PREPARE name ALL

referenced by:


delete_stmt:

DELETE FROM relation_expr_opt_alias where_clause opt_limit_clause returning_clause

referenced by:


discard_stmt:

DISCARD ALL

referenced by:


drop_stmt:

drop_database_stmt drop_index_stmt drop_table_stmt drop_view_stmt drop_user_stmt

referenced by:


execute_stmt:

EXECUTE name execute_param_clause

referenced by:


explain_stmt:

EXPLAIN ( explain_option_list ) explainable_stmt

referenced by:


grant_stmt:

GRANT privileges ON targets TO grantee_list

referenced by:


insert_stmt:

INSERT INTO insert_target insert_rest on_conflict returning_clause

referenced by:


import_stmt:

IMPORT TABLE any_name CREATE USING string_or_placeholder ( table_elem_list ) CSV DATA ( string_or_placeholder_list ) opt_with_options

referenced by:


pause_stmt:

PAUSE JOB a_expr

referenced by:


prepare_stmt:

PREPARE name prep_type_clause AS preparable_stmt

referenced by:


restore_stmt:

RESTORE targets FROM string_or_placeholder_list opt_as_of_clause opt_with_options

referenced by:


resume_stmt:

RESUME JOB a_expr

referenced by:


revoke_stmt:

REVOKE privileges ON targets FROM grantee_list

referenced by:


savepoint_stmt:

SAVEPOINT name

referenced by:


select_stmt:

select_no_parens select_with_parens

referenced by:


release_stmt:

RELEASE savepoint_name

referenced by:


reset_stmt:

reset_session_stmt reset_csetting_stmt

referenced by:


set_stmt:

set_session_stmt set_csetting_stmt set_transaction_stmt

referenced by:


show_stmt:

show_backup_stmt show_columns_stmt show_constraints_stmt show_create_table_stmt show_create_view_stmt show_csettings_stmt show_databases_stmt show_grants_stmt show_indexes_stmt show_jobs_stmt show_queries_stmt show_session_stmt show_sessions_stmt show_tables_stmt show_trace_stmt show_users_stmt

referenced by:


transaction_stmt:

begin_stmt commit_stmt rollback_stmt

referenced by:


truncate_stmt:

TRUNCATE opt_table relation_expr_list opt_drop_behavior

referenced by:


update_stmt:

UPDATE relation_expr_opt_alias SET set_clause_list where_clause returning_clause

referenced by:


upsert_stmt:

UPSERT INTO insert_target insert_rest returning_clause

referenced by:


alter_table_stmt:

alter_onetable_stmt alter_split_stmt alter_scatter_stmt alter_rename_table_stmt

referenced by:


alter_index_stmt:

alter_split_index_stmt alter_scatter_index_stmt alter_rename_index_stmt

referenced by:


alter_view_stmt:

alter_rename_view_stmt

referenced by:


alter_database_stmt:

alter_rename_database_stmt

referenced by:


targets:

TABLE table_pattern_list DATABASE name_list

referenced by:


string_or_placeholder:

non_reserved_word_or_sconst PLACEHOLDER

referenced by:


opt_as_of_clause:

AS OF SYSTEM TIME a_expr_const

referenced by:


opt_incremental:

INCREMENTAL FROM string_or_placeholder_list

referenced by:


opt_with_options:

WITH kv_option_list OPTIONS ( kv_option_list )

referenced by:


cancel_job_stmt:

CANCEL JOB a_expr

referenced by:


cancel_query_stmt:

CANCEL QUERY a_expr

referenced by:


qualified_name:

name qname_indirection

referenced by:


qualified_name_list:

qualified_name ,

referenced by:


create_database_stmt:

CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS name opt_with opt_template_clause opt_encoding_clause opt_lc_collate_clause opt_lc_ctype_clause

referenced by:


create_index_stmt:

CREATE opt_unique INDEX opt_name IF NOT EXISTS name ON qualified_name ( index_params ) opt_storing opt_interleave

referenced by:


create_table_stmt:

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS any_name ( opt_table_elem_list ) opt_interleave

referenced by:


create_table_as_stmt:

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS any_name opt_column_list AS select_stmt

referenced by:


create_user_stmt:

CREATE USER name opt_password

referenced by:


create_view_stmt:

CREATE VIEW any_name opt_column_list AS select_stmt

referenced by:


name:

identifier unreserved_keyword col_name_keyword

referenced by:


relation_expr_opt_alias:

relation_expr AS name

referenced by:


where_clause:

WHERE a_expr

referenced by:


opt_limit_clause:

limit_clause

referenced by:


returning_clause:

RETURNING target_list NOTHING

referenced by:


drop_database_stmt:

DROP DATABASE IF EXISTS name opt_drop_behavior

referenced by:


drop_index_stmt:

DROP INDEX IF EXISTS table_name_with_index_list opt_drop_behavior

referenced by:


drop_table_stmt:

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS table_name_list opt_drop_behavior

referenced by:


drop_view_stmt:

DROP VIEW IF EXISTS table_name_list opt_drop_behavior

referenced by:


drop_user_stmt:

DROP USER IF EXISTS name_list

referenced by:


execute_param_clause:

( expr_list )

referenced by:


explainable_stmt:

preparable_stmt alter_stmt create_stmt drop_stmt execute_stmt

referenced by:


explain_option_list:

explain_option_name ,

referenced by:


privileges:

ALL privilege_list

referenced by:


grantee_list:

name ,

referenced by:


insert_target:

qualified_name AS name

referenced by:


insert_rest:

( qualified_name_list ) select_stmt DEFAULT VALUES

referenced by:


on_conflict:

ON CONFLICT opt_conf_expr DO UPDATE SET set_clause_list where_clause NOTHING

referenced by:


any_name:

name attrs

referenced by:


string_or_placeholder_list:

string_or_placeholder ,

referenced by:


table_elem_list:

table_elem ,

referenced by:


a_expr:

c_expr + - ~ NOT a_expr TYPECAST cast_target TYPEANNOTATE typename COLLATE unrestricted_name + - * / FLOORDIV % ^ # & | < > = CONCAT LSHIFT RSHIFT LESS_EQUALS GREATER_EQUALS NOT_EQUALS BETWEEN opt_asymmetric SYMMETRIC b_expr AND OR LIKE ILIKE SIMILAR TO ~ NOT_REGMATCH REGIMATCH NOT_REGIMATCH a_expr NOT LIKE ILIKE SIMILAR TO BETWEEN opt_asymmetric SYMMETRIC b_expr AND a_expr IN in_expr IS NOT NAN NULL TRUE FALSE UNKNOWN DISTINCT FROM a_expr OF ( type_list ) IN in_expr subquery_op sub_type d_expr

referenced by:


prep_type_clause:

( type_list )

referenced by:


preparable_stmt:

backup_stmt cancel_stmt delete_stmt import_stmt insert_stmt pause_stmt reset_stmt restore_stmt resume_stmt select_stmt set_session_stmt set_csetting_stmt show_stmt update_stmt upsert_stmt

referenced by:


select_no_parens:

simple_select select_clause sort_clause opt_sort_clause select_limit

referenced by:


select_with_parens:

( select_no_parens select_with_parens )

referenced by:


savepoint_name:

SAVEPOINT name

referenced by:


reset_session_stmt:

RESET SESSION session_var

referenced by:


reset_csetting_stmt:

RESET CLUSTER SETTING var_name

referenced by:


set_session_stmt:

SET SESSION set_rest_more CHARACTERISTICS AS TRANSACTION transaction_iso_level set_rest_more

referenced by:


set_csetting_stmt:

SET CLUSTER SETTING var_name = TO var_value

referenced by:


set_transaction_stmt:

SET SESSION TRANSACTION transaction_mode_list

referenced by:


show_backup_stmt:

SHOW BACKUP string_or_placeholder

referenced by:


show_columns_stmt:

SHOW COLUMNS FROM var_name

referenced by:


show_constraints_stmt:

SHOW CONSTRAINT CONSTRAINTS FROM var_name

referenced by:


show_create_table_stmt:

SHOW CREATE TABLE var_name

referenced by:


show_create_view_stmt:

SHOW CREATE VIEW var_name

referenced by:


show_csettings_stmt:

SHOW CLUSTER SETTING any_name ALL ALL CLUSTER SETTINGS

referenced by:


show_databases_stmt:

SHOW DATABASES

referenced by:


show_grants_stmt:

SHOW GRANTS on_privilege_target_clause for_grantee_clause

referenced by:


show_indexes_stmt:

SHOW INDEX INDEXES KEYS FROM var_name

referenced by:


show_jobs_stmt:

SHOW JOBS

referenced by:


show_queries_stmt:

SHOW CLUSTER LOCAL QUERIES

referenced by:


show_session_stmt:

SHOW SESSION session_var

referenced by:


show_sessions_stmt:

SHOW CLUSTER LOCAL SESSIONS

referenced by:


show_tables_stmt:

SHOW TABLES FROM name

referenced by:


show_trace_stmt:

SHOW KV TRACE FOR SESSION explainable_stmt

referenced by:


show_users_stmt:

SHOW USERS

referenced by:


begin_stmt:

BEGIN opt_transaction START TRANSACTION begin_transaction

referenced by:


commit_stmt:

COMMIT END opt_transaction

referenced by:


rollback_stmt:

ROLLBACK opt_to_savepoint

referenced by:


opt_table:

TABLE

referenced by:


relation_expr_list:

relation_expr ,

referenced by:


opt_drop_behavior:

CASCADE RESTRICT

referenced by:


set_clause_list:

set_clause ,

referenced by:


alter_onetable_stmt:

ALTER TABLE IF EXISTS relation_expr alter_table_cmds

referenced by:


alter_split_stmt:

ALTER TABLE qualified_name SPLIT AT select_stmt

referenced by:


alter_scatter_stmt:

ALTER TABLE qualified_name SCATTER FROM ( expr_list ) TO ( expr_list )

referenced by:


alter_rename_table_stmt:

ALTER TABLE IF EXISTS relation_expr RENAME TO qualified_name opt_column name TO name

referenced by:


alter_split_index_stmt:

ALTER INDEX table_name_with_index SPLIT AT select_stmt

referenced by:


alter_scatter_index_stmt:

ALTER INDEX table_name_with_index SCATTER FROM ( expr_list ) TO ( expr_list )

referenced by:


alter_rename_index_stmt:

ALTER INDEX IF EXISTS table_name_with_index RENAME TO name

referenced by:


alter_rename_view_stmt:

ALTER VIEW IF EXISTS relation_expr RENAME TO qualified_name

referenced by:


alter_rename_database_stmt:

ALTER DATABASE name RENAME TO name

referenced by:


table_pattern_list:

table_pattern ,

referenced by:


name_list:

name ,

referenced by:


non_reserved_word_or_sconst:

non_reserved_word SCONST

referenced by:


a_expr_const:

ICONST FCONST const_typename SCONST BCONST interval TRUE FALSE NULL

referenced by:


kv_option_list:

kv_option ,

referenced by:


qname_indirection:

name_indirection_elem

referenced by:


opt_with:

WITH

referenced by:


opt_template_clause:

TEMPLATE opt_equal non_reserved_word_or_sconst

referenced by:


opt_encoding_clause:

ENCODING opt_equal non_reserved_word_or_sconst

referenced by:


opt_lc_collate_clause:

LC_COLLATE opt_equal non_reserved_word_or_sconst

referenced by:


opt_lc_ctype_clause:

LC_CTYPE opt_equal non_reserved_word_or_sconst

referenced by:


opt_unique:

UNIQUE

referenced by:


opt_name:

name

referenced by:


index_params:

index_elem ,

referenced by:


opt_storing:

storing ( name_list )

referenced by:


opt_interleave:

INTERLEAVE IN PARENT qualified_name ( name_list )

referenced by:


opt_table_elem_list:

table_elem_list

referenced by:


opt_column_list:

( name_list )

referenced by:


opt_password:

opt_with PASSWORD SCONST

referenced by:


unreserved_keyword:

ACTION ADD ALTER AT BACKUP BEGIN BLOB BY CANCEL CASCADE CLUSTER COLUMNS COMMIT COMMITTED CONFLICT CONSTRAINTS COPY COVERING CSV CUBE CURRENT CYCLE DATA DATABASE DATABASES DAY DEALLOCATE DELETE DISCARD DOUBLE DROP ENCODING EXECUTE EXPERIMENTAL_FINGERPRINTS EXPLAIN FILTER FIRST FOLLOWING FORCE_INDEX GRANTS HIGH HOUR IMPORT INCREMENTAL INDEXES INSERT INT2VECTOR INTERLEAVE ISOLATION JOB JOBS KEY KEYS KV LC_COLLATE LC_CTYPE LEVEL LOCAL LOW MATCH MINUTE MONTH NAMES NAN NEXT NO NORMAL NO_INDEX_JOIN NULLS OF OFF OID OPTIONS ORDINALITY OVER PARENT PARTIAL PARTITION PASSWORD PAUSE PLANS PRECEDING PREPARE PRIORITY QUERIES QUERY RANGE READ RECURSIVE REF REGCLASS REGPROC REGPROCEDURE REGNAMESPACE REGTYPE RELEASE RENAME REPEATABLE RESET RESTORE RESTRICT RESUME REVOKE ROLLBACK ROLLUP ROWS SETTING SETTINGS STATUS SAVEPOINT SCATTER SEARCH SECOND SERIALIZABLE SEQUENCES SESSION SESSIONS SET SHOW SIMPLE SNAPSHOT SQL START STDIN STORE STORING STRICT SPLIT SYSTEM TABLES TEMP TEMPLATE TEMPORARY TESTING_RANGES TESTING_RELOCATE TEXT TRACE TRANSACTION TRUNCATE TYPE UNBOUNDED UNCOMMITTED UNKNOWN UPDATE UPSERT USE USERS VALID VALIDATE VALUE VARYING WITHIN WITHOUT WRITE YEAR ZONE

referenced by:


col_name_keyword:

ANNOTATE_TYPE BETWEEN BIGINT BIGSERIAL BIT BOOL BOOLEAN BYTEA BYTES CHAR CHARACTER CHARACTERISTICS COALESCE DATE DEC DECIMAL EXISTS EXTRACT EXTRACT_DURATION FLOAT FLOAT4 FLOAT8 GREATEST GROUPING IF IFNULL INT INT2 INT4 INT8 INT64 INTEGER INTERVAL LEAST NAME NULLIF NUMERIC OUT OVERLAY POSITION PRECISION REAL ROW SERIAL SMALLINT SMALLSERIAL STRING SUBSTRING TIME TIMESTAMP TIMESTAMPTZ TREAT TRIM UUID VALUES VARCHAR

referenced by:


relation_expr:

qualified_name * ONLY qualified_name ( qualified_name )

referenced by:


limit_clause:

LIMIT select_limit_value FETCH first_or_next opt_select_fetch_first_value row_or_rows ONLY

referenced by:


target_list:

target_elem ,

referenced by:


table_name_with_index_list:

table_name_with_index ,

referenced by:


table_name_list:

any_name ,

referenced by:


expr_list:

a_expr ,

referenced by:


explain_option_name:

non_reserved_word

referenced by:


privilege_list:

privilege ,

referenced by:


opt_conf_expr:

( name_list ) where_clause

referenced by:


attrs:

. unrestricted_name

referenced by:


table_elem:

column_def index_def family_def table_constraint

referenced by:


c_expr:

d_expr array_subscripts case_expr EXISTS select_with_parens

referenced by:


cast_target:

typename postgres_oid

referenced by:


typename:

simple_typename opt_array_bounds ARRAY

referenced by:


unrestricted_name:

identifier unreserved_keyword col_name_keyword type_func_name_keyword reserved_keyword

referenced by:


type_list:

typename ,

referenced by:


opt_asymmetric:

ASYMMETRIC

referenced by:


b_expr:

c_expr + - ~ b_expr TYPECAST cast_target TYPEANNOTATE typename + - * / FLOORDIV % ^ # & | < > = CONCAT LSHIFT RSHIFT LESS_EQUALS GREATER_EQUALS NOT_EQUALS b_expr IS NOT DISTINCT FROM b_expr OF ( type_list )

referenced by:


in_expr:

select_with_parens ( expr_list )

referenced by:


subquery_op:

math_op NOT LIKE ILIKE

referenced by:


sub_type:

ANY SOME ALL

referenced by:


d_expr:

qualified_name a_expr_const @ ICONST PLACEHOLDER ( a_expr ) func_expr select_with_parens ARRAY select_with_parens array_expr explicit_row implicit_row

referenced by:


simple_select:

simple_select_clause values_clause table_clause set_operation

referenced by:


select_clause:

simple_select select_with_parens

referenced by:


sort_clause:

ORDER BY sortby_list

referenced by:


opt_sort_clause:

sort_clause

referenced by:


select_limit:

limit_clause offset_clause offset_clause limit_clause

referenced by:


session_var:

identifier ALL DATABASE NAMES SESSION_USER TIME ZONE

referenced by:


var_name:

any_name

referenced by:


set_rest_more:

generic_set

referenced by:


transaction_iso_level:

ISOLATION LEVEL iso_level

referenced by:


var_value:

ctext_expr ON

referenced by:


transaction_mode_list:

transaction_mode ,

referenced by:


on_privilege_target_clause:

ON targets

referenced by:


for_grantee_clause:

FOR grantee_list

referenced by:


opt_transaction:

TRANSACTION

referenced by:


begin_transaction:

transaction_mode_list

referenced by:


opt_to_savepoint:

TRANSACTION TO savepoint_name

referenced by:


set_clause:

single_set_clause multiple_set_clause

referenced by:


alter_table_cmds:

alter_table_cmd ,

referenced by:


opt_column:

COLUMN

referenced by:


table_name_with_index:

qualified_name @ unrestricted_name

referenced by:


table_pattern:

name name_indirection glob_indirection *

referenced by:


non_reserved_word:

identifier unreserved_keyword col_name_keyword type_func_name_keyword

referenced by:


const_typename:

numeric const_bit const_character const_datetime

referenced by:


interval:

INTERVAL SCONST opt_interval

referenced by:


kv_option:

name SCONST = string_or_placeholder

referenced by:


name_indirection_elem:

glob_indirection name_indirection

referenced by:


opt_equal:

=

referenced by:


index_elem:

name opt_asc_desc

referenced by:


storing:

COVERING STORING

referenced by:


select_limit_value:

a_expr ALL

referenced by:


first_or_next:

FIRST NEXT

referenced by:


opt_select_fetch_first_value:

signed_iconst ( a_expr )

referenced by:


row_or_rows:

ROW ROWS

referenced by:


target_elem:

a_expr AS unrestricted_name identifier *

referenced by:


privilege:

CREATE DROP GRANT SELECT INSERT DELETE UPDATE

referenced by:


column_def:

name typename col_qual_list

referenced by:


index_def:

UNIQUE INDEX opt_name ( index_params ) opt_storing opt_interleave

referenced by:


family_def:

FAMILY opt_name ( name_list )

referenced by:


table_constraint:

CONSTRAINT name constraint_elem

referenced by:


array_subscripts:

array_subscript

referenced by:


case_expr:

CASE case_arg when_clause_list case_default END

referenced by:


postgres_oid:

REGPROC REGPROCEDURE REGCLASS REGTYPE REGNAMESPACE

referenced by:


simple_typename:

numeric bit character const_datetime INTERVAL opt_interval BLOB BYTES BYTEA TEXT NAME SERIAL SMALLSERIAL UUID BIGSERIAL OID INT2VECTOR

referenced by:


opt_array_bounds:

[ ]

referenced by:


type_func_name_keyword:

COLLATION CROSS FULL INNER ILIKE IS JOIN LEFT LIKE NATURAL OUTER OVERLAPS RIGHT SIMILAR

referenced by:


reserved_keyword:

ALL ANALYSE ANALYZE AND ANY ARRAY AS ASC ASYMMETRIC BOTH CASE CAST CHECK COLLATE COLUMN CONSTRAINT CREATE CURRENT_CATALOG CURRENT_DATE CURRENT_ROLE CURRENT_SCHEMA CURRENT_TIME CURRENT_TIMESTAMP CURRENT_USER DEFAULT DEFERRABLE DESC DISTINCT DO ELSE END EXCEPT FALSE FAMILY FETCH FOR FOREIGN FROM GRANT GROUP HAVING IN INDEX INITIALLY INTERSECT INTO LATERAL LEADING LIMIT LOCALTIME LOCALTIMESTAMP NOT NOTHING NULL OFFSET ON ONLY OR ORDER PLACING PRIMARY REFERENCES RETURNING SELECT SESSION_USER SOME SYMMETRIC TABLE THEN TO TRAILING TRUE UNION UNIQUE USER USING VARIADIC VIEW WHEN WHERE WINDOW WITH

referenced by:


math_op:

+ - * / FLOORDIV % & | ^ # < > = LESS_EQUALS GREATER_EQUALS NOT_EQUALS

referenced by:


func_expr:

func_application filter_clause over_clause func_expr_common_subexpr

referenced by:


array_expr:

[ expr_list array_expr_list ]

referenced by:


explicit_row:

ROW ( expr_list )

referenced by:


implicit_row:

( expr_list , a_expr )

referenced by:


simple_select_clause:

SELECT opt_all_clause DISTINCT target_list from_clause where_clause group_clause having_clause window_clause

referenced by:


values_clause:

VALUES ctext_row ,

referenced by:


table_clause:

TABLE table_ref

referenced by:


set_operation:

select_clause UNION INTERSECT EXCEPT all_or_distinct select_clause

referenced by:


sortby_list:

sortby ,

referenced by:


offset_clause:

OFFSET a_expr c_expr row_or_rows

referenced by:


generic_set:

var_name TO = var_list

referenced by:


iso_level:

READ UNCOMMITTED COMMITTED SNAPSHOT REPEATABLE READ SERIALIZABLE

referenced by:


ctext_expr:

a_expr DEFAULT

referenced by:


transaction_mode:

transaction_iso_level transaction_user_priority transaction_read_mode

referenced by:


single_set_clause:

qualified_name = ctext_expr

referenced by:


multiple_set_clause:

( qualified_name_list ) = ctext_row select_with_parens

referenced by:


alter_table_cmd:

ADD COLUMN IF NOT EXISTS column_def table_constraint opt_validate_behavior ALTER opt_column name alter_column_default DROP NOT NULL DROP opt_column CONSTRAINT IF EXISTS name opt_drop_behavior VALIDATE CONSTRAINT name

referenced by:


name_indirection:

. unrestricted_name

referenced by:


glob_indirection:

. *

referenced by:


numeric:

INT INT2 INT4 INT8 INT64 INTEGER SMALLINT BIGINT REAL FLOAT4 FLOAT8 FLOAT opt_float DOUBLE PRECISION DECIMAL DEC NUMERIC opt_numeric_modifiers BOOLEAN BOOL

referenced by:


const_bit:

bit_with_length bit_without_length

referenced by:


const_character:

character_with_length character_without_length

referenced by:


const_datetime:

DATE TIMESTAMP WITHOUT WITH TIME ZONE TIMESTAMPTZ

referenced by:


opt_interval:

YEAR TO MONTH MONTH DAY TO HOUR MINUTE SECOND HOUR TO MINUTE SECOND MINUTE TO SECOND SECOND

referenced by:


opt_asc_desc:

ASC DESC

referenced by:


signed_iconst:

+ - ICONST

referenced by:


col_qual_list:

col_qualification

referenced by:


constraint_elem:

CHECK ( a_expr PRIMARY KEY ( index_params ) UNIQUE ( index_params ) opt_storing opt_interleave FOREIGN KEY ( name_list ) REFERENCES qualified_name opt_column_list key_actions

referenced by:


array_subscript:

[ a_expr opt_slice_bound : opt_slice_bound ]

referenced by:


case_arg:

a_expr

referenced by:


when_clause_list:

when_clause

referenced by:


case_default:

ELSE a_expr

referenced by:


bit:

bit_with_length bit_without_length

referenced by:


character:

character_with_length character_without_length

referenced by:


func_application:

func_name ( ALL DISTINCT expr_list opt_sort_clause * )

referenced by:


filter_clause:

FILTER ( WHERE a_expr )

referenced by:


over_clause:

OVER window_specification name

referenced by:


func_expr_common_subexpr:

CURRENT_DATE CURRENT_SCHEMA CURRENT_TIMESTAMP CURRENT_USER ( ) SESSION_USER USER CAST ( a_expr AS cast_target ANNOTATE_TYPE ( a_expr , typename EXTRACT EXTRACT_DURATION ( extract_list OVERLAY ( overlay_list POSITION ( position_list SUBSTRING ( substr_list IF ( a_expr , NULLIF IFNULL ( a_expr , a_expr COALESCE GREATEST LEAST ( expr_list TRIM ( BOTH LEADING TRAILING trim_list )

referenced by:


array_expr_list:

array_expr ,

referenced by:


opt_all_clause:

ALL

referenced by:


from_clause:

FROM from_list opt_as_of_clause

referenced by:


group_clause:

GROUP BY expr_list

referenced by:


having_clause:

HAVING a_expr

referenced by:


window_clause:

WINDOW window_definition_list

referenced by:


ctext_row:

( ctext_expr_list )

referenced by:


table_ref:

relation_expr opt_index_hints qualified_name ( expr_list ) select_with_parens [ explainable_stmt ] opt_ordinality opt_alias_clause joined_table ( joined_table ) opt_ordinality alias_clause

referenced by:


all_or_distinct:

ALL DISTINCT

referenced by:


sortby:

a_expr PRIMARY KEY qualified_name INDEX qualified_name @ unrestricted_name opt_asc_desc

referenced by:


var_list:

var_value ,

referenced by:


transaction_user_priority:

PRIORITY user_priority

referenced by:


transaction_read_mode:

READ ONLY WRITE

referenced by:


alter_column_default:

SET DEFAULT a_expr DROP DEFAULT

referenced by:


opt_validate_behavior:

NOT VALID

referenced by:


opt_float:

( ICONST )

referenced by:


opt_numeric_modifiers:

( ICONST , ICONST )

referenced by:


bit_with_length:

BIT opt_varying ( ICONST )

referenced by:


bit_without_length:

BIT opt_varying

referenced by:


character_with_length:

character_base ( ICONST )

referenced by:


character_without_length:

character_base

referenced by:


col_qualification:

CONSTRAINT name col_qualification_elem COLLATE unrestricted_name FAMILY name CREATE FAMILY opt_name IF NOT EXISTS FAMILY name

referenced by:


key_actions:

key_update key_delete key_delete key_update

referenced by:


opt_slice_bound:

a_expr

referenced by:


when_clause:

WHEN a_expr THEN a_expr

referenced by:


func_name:

type_function_name name qname_indirection

referenced by:


window_specification:

( opt_existing_window_name opt_partition_clause opt_sort_clause )

referenced by:


extract_list:

extract_arg FROM a_expr expr_list

referenced by:


overlay_list:

a_expr overlay_placing substr_from substr_for expr_list

referenced by:


position_list:

b_expr IN b_expr

referenced by:


substr_list:

a_expr substr_from substr_for substr_for substr_from expr_list

referenced by:


trim_list:

a_expr FROM expr_list

referenced by:


from_list:

table_ref ,

referenced by:


window_definition_list:

window_definition ,

referenced by:


ctext_expr_list:

ctext_expr ,

referenced by:


opt_index_hints:

@ unrestricted_name [ ICONST ] { index_hints_param_list }

referenced by:


opt_ordinality:

WITH ORDINALITY

referenced by:


opt_alias_clause:

alias_clause

referenced by:


joined_table:

( joined_table ) table_ref CROSS NATURAL join_type JOIN table_ref join_type JOIN table_ref join_qual

referenced by:


alias_clause:

AS name ( name_list )

referenced by:


user_priority:

LOW NORMAL HIGH

referenced by:


opt_varying:

VARYING

referenced by:


character_base:

CHARACTER CHAR opt_varying VARCHAR STRING

referenced by:


col_qualification_elem:

NOT NULL UNIQUE PRIMARY KEY CHECK ( a_expr ) DEFAULT b_expr REFERENCES qualified_name opt_name_parens key_actions

referenced by:


key_update:

ON UPDATE RESTRICT

referenced by:


key_delete:

ON DELETE RESTRICT

referenced by:


type_function_name:

identifier unreserved_keyword type_func_name_keyword

referenced by:


opt_existing_window_name:

name

referenced by:


opt_partition_clause:

PARTITION BY expr_list

referenced by:


extract_arg:

identifier YEAR MONTH DAY HOUR MINUTE SECOND

referenced by:


overlay_placing:

PLACING a_expr

referenced by:


substr_from:

FROM a_expr

referenced by:


substr_for:

FOR a_expr

referenced by:


window_definition:

name AS window_specification

referenced by:


index_hints_param_list:

index_hints_param ,

referenced by:


join_type:

FULL LEFT RIGHT join_outer INNER

referenced by:


join_qual:

USING ( name_list ) ON a_expr

referenced by:


opt_name_parens:

( name )

referenced by:


index_hints_param:

FORCE_INDEX = unrestricted_name NO_INDEX_JOIN

referenced by:


join_outer:

OUTER

referenced by:


generated by Railroad Diagram Generator



Yes No