Warning:

This is a beta feature. It is currently undergoing continued testing. Please file a Github issue with us if you identify a bug.

This page has instructions for migrating data from MySQL to CockroachDB using IMPORT's support for reading mysqldump files.

The examples below use the employees data set that is also used in the MySQL docs.

Considerations

In addition to the general considerations listed in the Migration Overview, there is also the following MySQL-specific information to consider as you prepare your migration.

String case sensitivity

MySQL strings are case-insensitive by default, but strings in CockroachDB are case-sensitive. This means that you may need to edit your MySQL dump file to get the results you expect from CockroachDB. For example, you may have been doing string comparisons in MySQL that will need to be changed to work with CockroachDB.

For more information about the case sensitivity of strings in MySQL, see Case Sensitivity in String Searches from the MySQL documentation. For more information about CockroachDB strings, see STRING.

Step 1. Dump the MySQL database

There are several ways to dump data from MySQL to be imported into CockroachDB:

Dump the entire database

Most users will want to import their entire MySQL database all at once, as shown below in Import a full database dump. To dump the entire database, run the mysqldump command shown below:

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$ mysqldump -uroot employees > /tmp/employees-full.sql

If you only want to import one table from a database dump, see Import a table from a full database dump below.

Dump one table at a time

To dump the employees table from a MySQL database also named employees, run the mysqldump command shown below. You can import this table using the instructions in Import a table from a table dump below.

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$ mysqldump -uroot employees employees > employees.sql

Step 2. Host the files where the cluster can access them

Each node in the CockroachDB cluster needs to have access to the files being imported. There are several ways for the cluster to access the data; for a complete list of the types of storage IMPORT can pull from, see Import File URLs.

Tip:

We strongly recommend using cloud storage such as Amazon S3 or Google Cloud to host the data files you want to import.

Step 3. Import the MySQL dump file

You can choose from several variants of the IMPORT statement, depending on whether you want to import an entire database or just one table:

All of the IMPORT statements in this section pull real data from Amazon S3 and will kick off background import jobs that you can monitor with SHOW JOBS.

Import a full database dump

This example assumes you dumped the entire database.

The IMPORT statement below reads the data and DDL statements (including CREATE TABLE and foreign key constraints) from the full database dump.

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> CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS employees;
> USE employees;
> IMPORT MYSQLDUMP 'https://s3-us-west-1.amazonaws.com/cockroachdb-movr/datasets/employees-db/mysqldump/employees-full.sql.gz';
       job_id       |  status   | fraction_completed |  rows   | index_entries | system_records |   bytes
--------------------+-----------+--------------------+---------+---------------+----------------+-----------
 382716507639906305 | succeeded |                  1 | 3919015 |        331636 |              0 | 110104816
(1 row)

Import a table from a full database dump

This example assumes you dumped the entire database.

IMPORT can import one table's data from a full database dump. It reads the data and applies any CREATE TABLE statements from the dump file.

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> CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS employees;
> USE employees;
> IMPORT MYSQLDUMP 'https://s3-us-west-1.amazonaws.com/cockroachdb-movr/datasets/employees-db/mysqldump/employees.sql.gz';
       job_id       |  status   | fraction_completed |  rows  | index_entries | system_records |  bytes
--------------------+-----------+--------------------+--------+---------------+----------------+----------
 383839294913871873 | succeeded |                  1 | 300024 |             0 |              0 | 11534293
(1 row)

Import a table from a table dump

The examples below assume you dumped one table.

The simplest way to import a table dump is to run IMPORT TABLE as shown below. It reads the table data and any CREATE TABLE statements from the dump file.

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> CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS employees;
> USE employees;
> IMPORT TABLE employees FROM MYSQLDUMP 'https://s3-us-west-1.amazonaws.com/cockroachdb-movr/datasets/employees-db/mysqldump/employees.sql.gz';
       job_id       |  status   | fraction_completed |  rows  | index_entries | system_records |  bytes   
--------------------+-----------+--------------------+--------+---------------+----------------+----------
 383855569817436161 | succeeded |                  1 | 300024 |             0 |              0 | 11534293
(1 row)

If you need to specify the table's columns for some reason, you can use an IMPORT TABLE statement like the one below, which will import data but ignore any CREATE TABLE statements in the dump file, instead relying on the columns you specify.

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> CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS employees;
> USE employees;
> IMPORT TABLE employees (
    emp_no INT PRIMARY KEY,
    birth_date DATE NOT NULL,
    first_name STRING NOT NULL,
    last_name STRING NOT NULL,
    gender STRING NOT NULL,
    hire_date DATE NOT NULL
  )
  MYSQLDUMP DATA ('https://s3-us-west-1.amazonaws.com/cockroachdb-movr/datasets/employees-db/mysqldump/employees.sql.gz');

Configuration Options

The following options are available to IMPORT ... MYSQLDUMP:

Skip foreign keys

By default, IMPORT ... MYSQLDUMP supports foreign keys. Default: false. Add the skip_foreign_keys option to speed up data import by ignoring foreign key constraints in the dump file's DDL. It will also enable you to import individual tables that would otherwise fail due to dependencies on other tables.

Example usage:

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> IMPORT MYSQLDUMP 's3://your-external-storage/employees.sql?AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=123&AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=456' WITH skip_foreign_keys;

Foreign key constraints can be added by using ALTER TABLE ... ADD CONSTRAINT commands after importing the data.

See also



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