This page describes how to expire past backups from cloud storage. As an operational best practice, we recommend taking regular backups of your data and using cloud storage for your backups.
The process for expiring past backups from cloud storage will vary depending on the specific cloud storage service used. For guidance on connecting to different storage options or using other authentication parameters, read Use Cloud Storage.
Step 1. Determine your retention policy
Before you can expire past backups, first determine your backup retention policy. With incremental backups in the
/incrementals directory, you can apply different lifecycle/retention policies from cloud storage providers as needed.
Step 2. Identify past backups
Once you have determined your retention policy, identify the past backups that need to be expired. You can use the creation time of the backup files to identify backups that are older than your desired retention period.
Since individual files within a backup have different creation times, they will be moved or deleted at different times. To ensure that all files within a retained backup remain available during the entire desired retention period, configure the policy that moves or deletes them to run one day after your intended retention period.
We recommend using immutable storage for your backups to ensure that the backups cannot be modified or deleted during the retention period specified in your retention policy. For more information about using immutable storage for backups, see Use Cloud Storage.
Step 3. Apply your retention policy
Apply your determined retention policy to the objects in the cloud storage bucket you want to retain.
The retention period can be applied at the bucket level or the object level. Once a retention period is applied to an object, it cannot be deleted or modified until the retention period expires.
For example: If you want to retain your full backups for 30 days, apply a retention period of 31 days to your backup files. If you want to retain your incremental backups for 7 days, apply a retention period of 8 days to your backup files.
For specific cloud-storage provider documentation, see the following:
- AWS S3 Object Lock
- Retention policies and Bucket Lock in Google Cloud Storage
- Immutable storage in Azure Storage
Step 4. Delete or archive past backups
Use your cloud storage service’s expiration policy or other APIs to delete or move the past backups that you have identified. Ensure you are only deleting the backups you want to expire.
Deleting past backups completely erases all data from these backups. These backups can no longer be restored.
Step 5. Monitor your cloud storage
After you have deleted or archived the past backups, monitor your cloud storage to ensure the past backups no longer exist and the remaining backups are available and accessible. For more information about using monitoring integrations for jobs, see Backup and Restore Monitoring.