This page walks you through a simple demonstration of how CockroachDB replicates and distributes data. Starting with a 1-node local cluster, you'll write some data, add 2 nodes, and watch how the data is replicated automatically. You'll then update the cluster to replicate 5 ways, add 2 more nodes, and again watch how all existing replicas are re-replicated to the new nodes.

Before you begin

Make sure you have already installed CockroachDB.

Step 1. Start a 1-node cluster

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$ cockroach start \
--insecure \
--store=repdemo-node1 \
--listen-addr=localhost:26257 \
--http-addr=localhost:8080

Step 2. Write data

In a new terminal, use cockroach workload command command to generate an example intro database:

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$ cockroach workload init intro \
'postgresql://root@localhost:26257?sslmode=disable'

In the same terminal, open the built-in SQL shell and verify that the new intro database was added with one table, mytable:

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$ cockroach sql --insecure --host=localhost:26257
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> SHOW DATABASES;
  database_name
+---------------+
  defaultdb
  intro
  postgres
  system
(4 rows)
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> SHOW TABLES FROM intro;
  table_name
+------------+
  mytable
(1 row)
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> SELECT * FROM intro.mytable WHERE (l % 2) = 0;
  l  |                          v
+----+------------------------------------------------------+
   0 | !__aaawwmqmqmwwwaas,,_        .__aaawwwmqmqmwwaaa,,
   2 | !"VT?!"""^~~^"""??T$Wmqaa,_auqmWBT?!"""^~~^^""??YV^
   4 | !                    "?##mW##?"-
   6 | !  C O N G R A T S  _am#Z??A#ma,           Y
   8 | !                 _ummY"    "9#ma,       A
  10 | !                vm#Z(        )Xmms    Y
  12 | !              .j####mmm#####mm#m##6.
  14 | !   W O W !    jmm###mm######m#mmm##6
  16 | !             ]#me*Xm#m#mm##m#m##SX##c
  18 | !             dm#||+*$##m#mm#m#Svvn##m
  20 | !            :mmE=|+||S##m##m#1nvnnX##;     A
  22 | !            :m#h+|+++=Xmm#m#1nvnnvdmm;     M
  24 | ! Y           $#m>+|+|||##m#1nvnnnnmm#      A
  26 | !  O          ]##z+|+|+|3#mEnnnnvnd##f      Z
  28 | !   U  D       4##c|+|+|]m#kvnvnno##P       E
  30 | !       I       4#ma+|++]mmhvnnvq##P`       !
  32 | !        D I     ?$#q%+|dmmmvnnm##!
  34 | !           T     -4##wu#mm#pw##7'
  36 | !                   -?$##m####Y'
  38 | !             !!       "Y##Y"-
  40 | !
(21 rows)

Exit the SQL shell:

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> \q

Step 3. Add two nodes

In a new terminal, add node 2:

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$ cockroach start \
--insecure \
--store=repdemo-node2 \
--listen-addr=localhost:26258 \
--http-addr=localhost:8081 \
--join=localhost:26257

In a new terminal, add node 3:

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$ cockroach start \
--insecure \
--store=repdemo-node3 \
--listen-addr=localhost:26259 \
--http-addr=localhost:8082 \
--join=localhost:26257

Step 4. Watch data replicate to the new nodes

Open the Admin UI at http://localhost:8080 to see that all three nodes are listed. At first, the replica count will be lower for nodes 2 and 3. Very soon, the replica count will be identical across all three nodes, indicating that all data in the cluster has been replicated 3 times; there's a copy of every piece of data on each node.

CockroachDB Admin UI

Step 5. Increase the replication factor

As you just saw, CockroachDB replicates data 3 times by default. Now, in the terminal you used for the built-in SQL shell or in a new terminal, use the ALTER RANGE ... CONFIGURE ZONE statement to change the cluster's .default replication factor to 5:

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$ cockroach sql --execute="ALTER RANGE default CONFIGURE ZONE USING num_replicas=5;" --insecure --host=localhost:26257

Step 6. Add two more nodes

In a new terminal, add node 4:

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$ cockroach start \
--insecure \
--store=repdemo-node4 \
--listen-addr=localhost:26260 \
--http-addr=localhost:8083 \
--join=localhost:26257

In a new terminal, add node 5:

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$ cockroach start \
--insecure \
--store=repdemo-node5 \
--listen-addr=localhost:26261 \
--http-addr=localhost:8084 \
--join=localhost:26257

Step 7. Watch data replicate to the new nodes

Back in the Admin UI, you'll see that there are now 5 nodes listed. Again, at first, the replica count will be lower for nodes 4 and 5. But because you changed the default replication factor to 5, very soon, the replica count will be identical across all 5 nodes, indicating that all data in the cluster has been replicated 5 times.

CockroachDB Admin UI

Step 8. Stop the cluster

Once you're done with your test cluster, stop each node by switching to its terminal and pressing CTRL-C.

Tip:

For the last 2 nodes, the shutdown process will take longer (about a minute) and will eventually force kill the nodes. This is because, with only 2 nodes still online, a majority of replicas are no longer available (3 of 5), and so the cluster is not operational. To speed up the process, press CTRL-C a second time in the nodes' terminals.

If you do not plan to restart the cluster, you may want to remove the nodes' data stores:

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$ rm -rf repdemo-node1 repdemo-node2 repdemo-node3 repdemo-node4 repdemo-node5

What's next?

Explore other core CockroachDB benefits and features:



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