The cockroach demo command starts a temporary, in-memory CockroachDB cluster, a preloaded dataset, and opens an interactive SQL shell to the cluster.

The in-memory cluster persists only as long as the SQL shell is open. As soon as the shell is exited, the cluster and all its data are permanently destroyed. This command is therefore recommended only as an easy way to experiment with the CockroachDB SQL dialect.

New in v19.2: Each instance of cockroach demo loads a temporary enterprise license that expires after an hour.

Synopsis

Start an interactive SQL shell:

$ cockroach demo <flags>

Load a sample dataset and start an interactive SQL shell:

$ cockroach demo <dataset> <flags>

Execute SQL from the command line:

$ cockroach demo --execute="<sql statement>;<sql statement>" --execute="<sql-statement>" <flags>

Exit the interactive SQL shell:

$ \q
ctrl-d

View help:

$ cockroach demo --help

Datasets

Workload Description
bank A bank database, with one bank table containing account details.
intro An intro database, with one table, mytable, with a hidden message.
movr A movr database, with several tables of data for the MovR example application.

New in v19.2: By default, cockroach demo loads the movr database as the current database, with sample region (region) and availability zone (az) replica localities for each node specified with the --nodes flag.
startrek A startrek database, with two tables, episodes and quotes.
tpcc A tpcc database, with a rich schema of multiple tables.

Flags

The demo command supports the following general-use flags.

Flag Description
--demo-locality New in v19.2: Specify locality information for each demo node. The input is a colon-separated list of key-value pairs, where the ith pair is the locality setting for the ith demo cockroach node.

For example, the following option assigns node 1's region to us-east1 and availability zone to 1, node 2's region to us-east2 and availability zone to 2, and node 3's region to us-east3 and availability zone to 3:

--demo-locality=region=us-east1,az=1:region=us-east1,az=2:region=us-east1,az=3

By default, cockroach demo uses sample region (region) and availability zone (az) replica localities for each node specified with the --nodes flag.
--echo-sql Reveal the SQL statements sent implicitly by the command-line utility. This can also be enabled within the interactive SQL shell via the \set echo shell command.
--execute
-e
Execute SQL statements directly from the command line, without opening a shell. This flag can be set multiple times, and each instance can contain one or more statements separated by semi-colons.

If an error occurs in any statement, the command exits with a non-zero status code and further statements are not executed. The results of each statement are printed to the standard output (see --format for formatting options).
--format How to display table rows printed to the standard output. Possible values: tsv, csv, table, raw, records, sql, html.

Default: table for sessions that output on a terminal; tsv otherwise

This flag corresponds to the display_format client-side option for use in interactive sessions.
--geo-partitioned-replicas New in v19.2: Start a 9-node demo cluster with the Geo-Partitioned Replicas topology pattern applied to the movr database.
--nodes New in v19.2: Specify the number of in-memory nodes to create for the demo.

Default: 1
--safe-updates Disallow potentially unsafe SQL statements, including DELETE without a WHERE clause, UPDATE without a WHERE clause, and ALTER TABLE ... DROP COLUMN.

Default: true for interactive sessions; false otherwise

Potentially unsafe SQL statements can also be allowed/disallowed for an entire session via the sql_safe_updates session variable.
--set Set a client-side option before starting the SQL shell or executing SQL statements from the command line via --execute. This flag may be specified multiple times, once per option.

After starting the SQL shell, the \set and unset commands can be use to enable and disable client-side options as well.
--with-load New in v19.2: Run a demo movr workload against the preloaded movr database.

Logging

By default, the demo command logs errors to stderr.

If you need to troubleshoot this command's behavior, you can change its logging behavior.

SQL shell

All SQL shell commands, client-side options, help, and shortcuts supported by the cockroach sql command are also supported by the cockroach demo command.

Web UI

When the SQL shell connects to the in-memory cluster, it prints a welcome text with some tips and CockroachDB version and cluster details. Most of these details resemble the welcome text that gets printed when connecting cockroach sql to a permanent cluster. However, one unique detail to note is the Web UI link. For the duration of the cluster, you can open the Web UI for the cluster at this link.

#
# Welcome to the CockroachDB demo database!
#
# You are connected to a temporary, in-memory CockroachDB
# instance. Your changes will not be saved!
#
# Web UI: http://127.0.0.1:60105
#
# Server version: CockroachDB CCL v2.1.0-alpha.20180702-281-g07a11b8e8c-dirty (x86_64-apple-darwin17.6.0, built 2018/07/08 14:00:29, go1.10.1) (same version as client)
# Cluster ID: 61b41af6-fb2c-4d9a-8a91-0a31933b3d31
#
# Enter \? for a brief introduction.
#
root@127.0.0.1:60104/defaultdb>

Diagnostics Reporting

By default, cockroach demo shares anonymous usage details with Cockroach Labs. To opt out, set the diagnostics.reporting.enabled cluster setting to false. You can also opt out by setting the COCKROACH_SKIP_ENABLING_DIAGNOSTIC_REPORTING environment variable to false before running cockroach demo.

Example

In these examples, we demonstrate how to start a shell with cockroach demo. For more SQL shell features, see the cockroach sql examples.

Start an interactive SQL shell

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$ cockroach demo
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> CREATE TABLE drivers (
    id UUID DEFAULT gen_random_uuid(),
    city STRING NOT NULL,
    name STRING,
    dl STRING UNIQUE,
    address STRING,
    CONSTRAINT primary_key PRIMARY KEY (city ASC, id ASC)
);
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> INSERT INTO drivers (city, name) VALUES ('new york', 'Catherine Nelson');
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> SELECT * FROM drivers;
                   id                  |   city   |       name       |  dl  | address
+--------------------------------------+----------+------------------+------+---------+
  df3dc272-b572-4ca4-88c8-e9974dbd381a | new york | Catherine Nelson | NULL | NULL
(1 row)
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> \q

Load a sample dataset and start an interactive SQL shell

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$ cockroach demo movr --nodes=3 --demo-locality=region=us-east1:region=us-central1:region=us-west1
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> SHOW TABLES;
          table_name
+----------------------------+
  promo_codes
  rides
  user_promo_codes
  users
  vehicle_location_histories
  vehicles
(6 rows)
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> SELECT * FROM users WHERE city = 'new york';
                   id                  |   city   |       name       |           address           | credit_card
+--------------------------------------+----------+------------------+-----------------------------+-------------+
  00000000-0000-4000-8000-000000000000 | new york | Robert Murphy    | 99176 Anderson Mills        | 8885705228
  051eb851-eb85-4ec0-8000-000000000001 | new york | James Hamilton   | 73488 Sydney Ports Suite 57 | 8340905892
  0a3d70a3-d70a-4d80-8000-000000000002 | new york | Judy White       | 18580 Rosario Ville Apt. 61 | 2597958636
  0f5c28f5-c28f-4c00-8000-000000000003 | new york | Devin Jordan     | 81127 Angela Ferry Apt. 8   | 5614075234
  147ae147-ae14-4b00-8000-000000000004 | new york | Catherine Nelson | 1149 Lee Alley              | 0792553487
(5 rows)
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> \q

Execute SQL from the command-line

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$ cockroach demo \
--execute="CREATE TABLE drivers (
    id UUID DEFAULT gen_random_uuid(),
    city STRING NOT NULL,
    name STRING,
    dl STRING UNIQUE,
    address STRING,
    CONSTRAINT primary_key PRIMARY KEY (city ASC, id ASC)
);" \
--execute="INSERT INTO drivers (city, name) VALUES ('new york', 'Catherine Nelson');" \
--execute="SELECT * FROM drivers;"
CREATE TABLE
INSERT 1
                   id                  |   city   |       name       |  dl  | address
+--------------------------------------+----------+------------------+------+---------+
  df3dc272-b572-4ca4-88c8-e9974dbd381a | new york | Catherine Nelson | NULL | NULL
(1 row)

Run cockroach demo with a workload

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$ cockroach demo --with-load

This command starts a demo cluster with the movr database preloaded and then inserts rows into each table in the movr database. You can monitor the workload progress on the Admin UI.

Run cockroach demo with geo-partitioned replicas

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$ cockroach demo --geo-partitioned-replicas

This command starts a 9-node demo cluster with the movr database preloaded, and partitions and zone constraints applied to the primary and secondary indexes. For more information, see the Geo-Partitioned Replicas topology pattern.

Try your own scenario

In addition to using one of the pre-loaded dataset, you can create your own database (e.g., CREATE DATABASE <yourdb>;), or use the empty defaultdb database (e.g., SET DATABASE defaultdb;) to test our your own scenario involving any CockroachDB SQL features you are interested in.

See also



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