The FLOAT data type stores inexact, floating-point numbers with up to 17 digits of decimal precision.

They are handled internally using the standard double-precision (64-bit binary-encoded) IEEE754 format.

Aliases

In CockroachDB, the following are aliases for FLOAT:

  • REAL
  • DOUBLE PRECISION

Syntax

A constant value of type FLOAT can be entered as a numeric literal. For example: 1.414 or -1234.

The special IEEE754 values for positive infinity, negative infinity and Not A Number (NaN) cannot be entered using numeric literals directly and must be converted using an interpreted literal or an explicit conversion from a string literal instead. For example:

  • FLOAT '+Inf'
  • '-Inf'::FLOAT
  • CAST('NaN' AS FLOAT)

Size

A FLOAT column supports values up to 8 bytes in width, but the total storage size is likely to be larger due to CockroachDB metadata.

Examples

> CREATE TABLE floats (a FLOAT PRIMARY KEY, b REAL, c DOUBLE PRECISION);

> SHOW COLUMNS FROM floats;
+-------+-------+-------+---------+
| Field | Type  | Null  | Default |
+-------+-------+-------+---------+
| a     | FLOAT | false | NULL    |
| b     | FLOAT | true  | NULL    |
| C     | FLOAT | true  | NULL    |
+-------+-------+-------+---------+
> INSERT INTO floats VALUES (1.012345678901, 2.01234567890123456789, CAST('+Inf' AS FLOAT));

> SELECT * FROM floats;
+----------------+--------------------+------+
|       a        |         b          |  c   |
+----------------+--------------------+------+
| 1.012345678901 | 2.0123456789012346 | +Inf |
+----------------+--------------------+------+
# Note that the value in "b" has been limited to 17 digits.

Supported Casting & Conversion

FLOAT values can be cast to any of the following data types:

Type Details
INT Truncates decimal precision and requires values to be between -2^63 and 2^63-1
DECIMAL Causes an error to be reported if the value is NaN or +/- Inf.
BOOL 0 converts to false; all other values convert to true
STRING

See Also

Data Types



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